IUPAC stands for International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. It has its headquarters in Zurich Switzerland, and represents chemists from different countries around the globe. The current director of the organisation’s secretariat is John D Petersen. The secretariat of IUPAC is located in North Carolina.
The IUPAC was supposed to serve as a successor to the international congress of applied chemistry. Its sole purpose was supposed to be the advancement of applied chemistry. In 1860, a German scientist stated that it was important to come up with a body that would create an international standard for chemistry. This led to the creation of a committee that was supposed to be concerned with the creation of a naming system for organic compounds. As such, the international union of pure and applied chemistry was established in 1918.
The roles and responsibility
The major roles that are played by IUPAC include developing standards for the naming of all chemical elements and compounds. Another role that is played is the standardisation of nomenclature, and publishing works and research so that they can bring chemistry closer the whole world.
There is a hierarchy of administration that is in charge of the operations from the individual country level to the top office. This makes the process of coordinating research much simpler.
Here are a few more interesting facts you may not know about IUPAC:
- Every committee is normally allotted a budget that they must adhere to.
- Any committee has the freedom to start a project.
- If a situation arises whereby a project proves more expensive than the amount of money allotted, the council running the project should take up the issue with the project committee.
- When a financial issue is taken to the project council, it will review the project, and either increase the budget, or look for an external funding alternative.
That is what you need to know about the IUPAC. IUPAC is indeed the most respected body in the creation of standards for pure and applied chemistry.